The deciduous European Hornbeam, with its handsome, densely arranged foliage, is renowned for making hedges. Also known for the hardness of its fine grained wood, it’s used to manufacture the inner moving parts of pianos. Glistening, toothed and oval-shaped, the deep forest green leaves transmute to yellow in the fall against smooth gray bark inscribed by muscular, vertically aligned undulations. If clipping isn’t your forté, don’t worry because Carpinus naturally grows in a dense, pyramidal to rounded shape.
Aside from the classic elegance of the pleated foliage, Hornbeam also exhibits an overall hardiness, capable of withstanding wind, shearing, heavy pruning and clay soil. Try it as a hedge, windbreak, single specimen, or get wild and plant an allée, pleached or not. Deep Large Band. 10 feet in 10 years.
Size: 40' 0" – 60' 0" high x 20' 0" – 30' 0" wide.
Hardy to zone 5.
Cherished among bonsai devotees, this graceful multi-stemmed Korean native deserves a prominent place in more landscapes as a small-scale ornamental specimen. Pendulous branches taper into short shrubby, deep brown twigs that are infused with wine hues. Sporting a lustrous spring and summer sheen, the serrated tiny green deciduous leaves orchestrate a fantastic fall finale of flaming red, yellow and orange colors. Appreciative of some protection from hot afternoon sun, especially in dry locations, C. coreana’s refined slow-growing visage can flourish near a bench, a terrace or even in a large container, while its strong growing roots can survive occasional drought. Grows slowly.
Size: 15' 0" – 20' 0" high x 12' 0" – 15' 0" wide.
Hardy to zone 5.
This stellar medium-sized Hornbeam promises to delight all year round. Hallmarking spring and summer, a winsome bevy of small, oval-shaped dark green serrated foliage sport prominent veins, soft yellow-green undersides and slender pointed tips. Long, pendent, bright green and red-tinged fruiting keys accompanied by cozy yellow and red foliage make attractive autumn features, while winter showcases pendulous branches and smooth pale patterned bark.
A rarely offered Japanese native introduced in 1914, the versatile Carpinus laxiflora can be grown as a landscape specimen or serves as an ideal bonsai candidate. 10' in 10 years. Large Band.
Size: 30' 0" high x 20' 0" – 25' 0" wide.
Hardy to zone 6.