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Actaea (Black Snakeroot)
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Including Actaea japonica, Actaea racemosa, and Actaea simplex

Actaea

Black Snakeroot

A botanical "Renaissance Man", Actaea is at home in an informal garden, a refined border or in an arrangement for opening night at the Met. Their ambrosial perfume floats through the air as they brighten their surroundings. Actaea is happiest in moist, humus-enriched soil and bright shade; otherwise it´s carefree and low maintenance.

View a slideshow of plant images from this genus


Actaea cordifolia  full sun  partial shade
Appalachian Bugbane

An 1805 discovery by German-born Frederick Pursh in the Appalachian Mountains of Virginia and North Carolina, this superb hard-to-find American native sprouts broad ample-sized foliage, distinctive for its handsome Maple-like appearance. Straight emerald-hued steadfast stems, bearing fragrant creamy white floral candles, tower above a leafy verdant clump. Appalachian Bugbane can be ensconced near Athyrium 'Ghost', where it vows luminous late season accents, deer resistance and easy care.

Blooms July–September.

Size: 4' 0"–4-1/2' high x 2' 0"–2-1/2' wide; hardy to zone 4.

Actaea cordifolia (P-1828)
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Actaea japonica ‘(Cheju Island Form)’  full sun  partial shade  new plant
Japanese Bugbane

A superior South Korean selection recently introduced by Darrell Probst, this compact aristocratic Actaea furnishes lush verdant layers of divided jagged-edged (notched) shiny green leaves, clasping blackish purple stalks. The dark pearl-shaped buds plus tiny snow white blossoms embellish tall close-set glittering candles that gracefully herald the season’s end.

Blooms August–September

Size: 4' 0"–5' 0" high x 2' 0"–2-1/2' wide; hardy to zone 4.

Actaea japonica ‘(Cheju Island Form)’ (P-1871)
Each $9.00
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Actaea pachypoda ‘Misty Blue’  full sun  partial shade
White Baneberry

Promising three season appeal for the woodland garden, this marvelous soft-looking East coast native is a Dr. Richard Lighty selection from Delaware’s esteemed Mt. Cuba Center. Its handsome glaucous clump of finely cut silvery blue-green foliage hosts small starburst-like creamy white blooms on short stalks in spring and several months later, wondrous round white berries, each tattooed with a distinctive black spot at the tip and poised upon a striking bright red pedicel. Long-lived White Baneberry crafts an exceptional multistemmed ground cover that favors moist well-drained soil.

Size: 2' 0"–3' 0" high x 2' 0"–3' 0" wide. Zone 3/4.

Actaea pachypoda ‘Misty Blue’ (P-1789)
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Actaea racemosa  full sun  partial shade
Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa

Long wandlike, creamy white flower racemes seem to dangle and dance on invisible stems above clumps of Astilbe-like foliage. Try this Actaea (Cimicifuga) in a naturalized setting, under a tall canopy at the back of the border, next to leafy Ligularia.

Blooms July–August.

Size: 5' 0"–6' 0" high x 2' 0"–3' 0" wide; hardy to zone 4.


Actaea racemosa (P-0048)
Each $8.50
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Actaea simplex ‘Atropurpurea’  full sun  partial shade
Actaea simplex Atropurpurea

Grown from seedlings carefully selected for dark, coppery purple foliage, the regal profile of ‘Atropurpurea’ shows its good breeding. A garden dweller with a staid bearing, its stately reddish purple stems soar above your head, displaying dense spires covered with round mahogany-hued buds and sweet pouffes of white.

Echo this Actaea’s somber tones by bringing it together with Angelica gigas, and let the lime green foliage of Physocarpus ‘Dart’s Gold’ brighten the mood.

Blooms August–September.

Size: 6' 0" high x 2' 0"–3' 0" wide; hardy to zone 4.

Actaea simplex ‘Atropurpurea’ (p-0049)
Each $9.00
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Actaea simplex ‘Brunette’  full sun  partial shade

Noted around town for her purple-black leaves and stems, this ‘Brunette’ is sure to turn some heads with the gentle way of her graceful, ferny foliage. At the back of the border, amidst the chaos of more summery greens, this dark lady’s shadow lingers long before offering up arching racemes of fragrant, slightly blushed white flowers. One of the most sought-after cultivars, ‘Brunette’ is another incredibly lovely dark foliage selection of Actaea (Cimicifuga) simplex seedlings.

Blooms August–September.

Size: 5' 0"–6' 0" high x 2' 0"–3' 0" wide; hardy to zone 4.

Actaea simplex ‘Brunette’ (P-0811)
Each $12.50
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Actaea simplex ‘Pink Spike’  full sun  partial shade

Midnight dark, lean lofty stems culminate in honey-scented, long pale pink spires stretching skyward above a refined, Ariel-like mass of sumptuous, chocolatey purple serrated foliage. This splendid garden aristocrat casts a decidedly feminine aspect on Geranium m. ‘Espresso’s coffee-colored leaves.

Blooms August – October.

Size: 5' 0" high x 2' 0"–2-1/2' wide. Zone 3/4.

Actaea simplex ‘Pink Spike’ (P-1427)
Each $13.75
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Actaea simplex var. matsumurae ‘White Pearl’  full sun  partial shade

Surprisingly underused, ‘White Pearl’s bright white, bottlebrushlike blossoms and large pearly buds will light up a somber setting just like the animated glow of a 4th of July sparkler. The good-sized ambrosial flowers unfurl later than most other Actaeas, while their densely set stalks are more arching than racemosa’s.

Tolerating drier, less rich soils, deceptively tough wiry stems and finely cut, toothed foliage compose the medium green nimble-looking stand which slowly spreads.

Blooms September–October.

Size: 4' 0" high x 2-1/2' wide; hardy to zone 4.

Actaea simplex var. matsumurae ‘White Pearl’ (P-1371)
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Latest News

Current Staff's Favorite Plant

staff favorite plant
"

Sterling Spring blooming shrubs, plus head-turning Perennials.

Here’s the tall and short of it…

Sterling spring blooming shrubs, all dressed in classy green leaves and crisp white flowers. Viburnum plicatum ‘Summer Snowflake’ is the largest of our featured shrubs, fashioning graceful somewhat horizontal branches adorned with snowy lace caps. Cultivated since 1868, well-loved Spiraea x vanhouttei makes a shapely low maintenance addition to sunny mixed borders, while smaller-statured Deutzia gracilis ‘Nikko' offers a galaxy of dainty white blooms perfect for the rockery, nestled along steps or in a container.

Head turning Perennials

Nearly 65” of rain coupled with chilly spring days spawned a remarkable surge of lush foliar growth, plus spectacular long-lasting flowers in our nursery & garden this year. Spring is always such an exciting time as we watch the multitude of leaves, buds and blooms that seemingly unfurl over night plus the numerous new shoots stretching skyward. Dicentra ‘Gold Heart’s delicate golden foliage glows in dappled shady niches, while the dark leaves of Eupatorium ‘Chocolate’, Astrantia ‘Moulin Rouge's exquisite domes, and the richly colored Sedum ‘Jose Aubergine’ promise to turn more than a few heads in your garden. Perhaps you could let Campanula ‘Blue Waterfall’ cascade down your garden steps, or brighten up a sunny bed with Geum ‘Prinses Juliana’. We hope you’ll make room for a few of these shrubs & perennials. Our extensive display borders which surround the nursery are now open through Colombus Day weekend. Our first guided Saturday Stroll is June 24th., followed by July 15th & 29th. We hope you’ll come visit us this summer.

Digging Dog's June 2017 Newsletter Link"

More news, events, and favorite plants

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